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APA Style Guide, 7th Edition: Images

The most current edition of APA style guide

Formatting Your References

Once you type your references on the reference page, you will need to put in a hanging indent and double-space the entire reference list. In Microsoft Word, highlight the references from A to Z, then find the paragraph function in the Word ribbon. Select Hanging under Indentation and Double under spacing. See the Formatting your References tab for instructions on doing this on a Mac or in Google Docs.


Abbas, D. D. F. (2020). Manipulating of audio-visual aids in the educational processes in Al-Hilla University College. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 24(3), 1248-1263.

The citation above may not indicate a hanging indent depending on the device you are using to view it.  The second and all subsequent lines of APA formatted references use a hanging indent.

Captioning Images

When reusing an image, you need to provide a caption under the image giving credit to the creator or provider. This is a bit different from referring to a visual work when you do not reuse the image.

“Whenever a public domain work is used, the author(s) (if known) should be cited.  Citation may be made in accordance with any relevant scientific, scholarly, disciplinary or community practice.  Additionally, if a public domain work has been curated or made available by a person other than the author, that provider should also be appropriately credited.”

What do you need to cite? All CC attributions should have the same basic information:

 *   Title of image

 *   Creator name

 *   Source of the image (usually in the form of a URL to image source page)

 *   Any copyright information included with image (such as a watermark)

 *   CC license information (including link back to CC documentation page if possible)

In the shortest caption allowed by the above, you would put:

caption: Title [hyperlinked to source] (c)Creator, License information [hyperlinked]