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APA Style Guide, 7th Edition: Bracketed Descriptions

The most current edition of APA style guide

General Rules for Bracketed Descriptions

Use brackets to describe information not normally found in academic literature to help the reader locate the material. Place the description in square brackets [] after the title, capitalize the first word only, and end with a period.

Examples of Bracketed Descriptions
[Letter to the editor].
[Special issue].
[Computer software].
[Data set].
[Motion picture].
[Lecture notes].
[Supplemental material].


Mallory, G. A. (2010, November/December). Professional nursing societies and evidence-based practice: Strategies to cross the quality chasm [Special issue]. Nursing Outlook, 58(6), 279-286. 

Helman, G. (Producer), & Jones, D. (Director). (2002). 84 charing cross road [Motion picture]. United States: Columbia Pictures. 

JDonnelly. (2008). IRSC fire academy class 118 [Video]. YouTube.