Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA Style Guide, 6th Edition: About APA

A style guide for APA

About this Guide ...

Always refer to the APA Manual for authorized examples of citations.

Some of the citations in this guide are taken from the APA Manual; others are recommendations from Taft College and IRSC librarians.

In the Library

APA References

The standard citation style guide book for the fields of business, education, health science, public service, and social science is the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, 2010. The American Psychological Association (APA) publishes the manual. We commonly refer to it as "the APA Manual".

The business, education, health science, public service, and social science departments at Taft College recommend APA format for papers written in these fields.

Two types of citations are included in most research papers: citations within the text of the document and a list of reference citations at the end of the paper.

In-Text Citations:

The APA Manual uses the author-date citation system for in-text citations. 

Reference Citations:

The sources you use in your work are included as a separate list at the end of the paper.  The APA Manual suggests using the title, References, for the list.


Publications take on many forms, but the basic components of an original research article include:

  • Title and title page
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Method
  • Results
  • Discussion

APA guidelines do not require headings for most sections. This guide is provided by the Taft College Library. Always ask your instructor for specific directions pertaining to your assignment.

APA tutorial


APA Style Guide by Alexis Carlson Indian River State College is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  Changes and additions to this guide by Terri Smith Taft College Library February 28, 2017 with permission. Based on a work at

.Creative Commons License