The MLA Handbook, 9th Edition was published in 2021 and adopted by Taft College Library in August 2021. The 9th edition retains the core elements introduced in the 8th edition while including new guidelines for commonly asked questions and restores and updates key sections from previous editions. Additional information about annotated bibliographies and visual examples are also included.
A student will be able to:
The core elements of any entry in the Works Cited list are shown in the chart below. The core elements are in the order in which they should appear, followed by the appropriate punctuation mark. If an element cannot be found or does not apply to the source being cited, omit that element from the entry. End the entry with a period.
Each core element is explained in detail with examples on its own page under the Works Cited Entries Core Elements dropdown menu.
Image credit: Modern Language Association. MLA core elements. 2016, www.mla.org/MLA-Style/What-s-New-in-the-Eighth-Edition.
The standard citation style guide for the humanities, especially languages and literature, is the MLA Handbook, 9th edition, 2021. The Modern Language Association of America (MLA) publishes the manual. It is commonly referred to it as the "MLA Manual" or the "MLA Handbook."
Two types of citations are included in most research papers: citations within the text of the document and a list of reference citations at the end of the paper.
In-text citations appear in the body of your paper. They identify your use of an idea or quotation from one of your sources. The MLA Handbook uses the author-page citation system for in-text citations.
Information about the sources you use in your work are included as a separate list at the end of the paper. The MLA Handbook suggests using the title "Works Cited" for the list.
Any source information that you provide in an in-text citation must correspond to a source in your Works Cited page.
Read more about the changes to the new Ninth Edition in this article from the Modern Language Association.
This work, MLA Style Guide, 8th Edition by Angie Neely-Sardon, Indian River State College, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. It is based on the work, MLA Handbook, Eighth Edition by the Modern Language Association of America published in 2016. Additions and changes were made to this guide by Terri Smith, Taft College Library, February 10, 2017.